What Is Restitution Fee?
Do you know what is restitution fee is? Does every person have to pay the restitution fee? Is it similar to the normal school fees of the students? Calm down, I will tell you about what is restitution fee is in my today’s post. Types, eligibility criteria, and consequences of restitution are also explained over here. We have even covered how the restitution amount is calculated and where it is sent in short. Make sure you do not forget to check out the expenses covered during restitution criminal justice. Now, without wasting your time let us understand what is restitution fee in-depth.
What Is Restitution Fee?
A restitution fee is an amount paid by the individual to compensate the victim of their crime for their loss or injury. It may include property loss, medical bills, home, and car repairs, insurance deductibles, and so on. This fee allows the victim to repair the harm created by their actions.
However, restitution fees are only imposed when:
- The court finds it is necessary for rehabilitation
- The victim’s financial loss is directly related to the offender’s crime.
You can keep on reading to know more about what is restitution fee in detail.
Types Of Restitution
There are a total of three types of restitution fees which are as follows.
Restitution fines are addressed by the penal code §1202.4. It usually ranges between $200 and $10,000. Here, the judge will decide which particular amount you need to pay.
Parole Revocation Fines
Next, parole revocation fines are addressed by the penal code §1202.45. It has the same amount as the original restitution fine. This fine is imposed if you violate parole.
Direct orders are specifically derived for victim losses due to crimes committed against them. It can range in any dollar amount decided by the judge.
Note: If the offender is found guilty in multiple cases, then the judge can charge him with all three types of restitution in each case.
How Are Restitution Payments Calculated?
Restitution payments can be calculated in the following simple way.
- First, the victims need to provide necessary documents that state the value of items that has be stolen or damaged. This can include bills, receipts, or any financial statements.
- Your documentation will then go to the court in the hands of either the judge or hearing officer.
- Either one of them will verify the claim and calculate the actual amount you owe.
- Your case can also go to the Intake Conference, where the Intake or Probation Officer will calculate the amount.
However, individuals can also discuss their concerns with an attorney if they disagree with the restitution amount. Continue reading to learn more about what is restitution fee.
Factors To Be Considered While Calculating Restitution Fees
Every court needs to consider some legal elements while determining the amount of restitution. Below, I have listed down some elements the judge needs to consider before finalizing the restitution fees.
- Type of loss suffered by the victim.
- Determine the seriousness and gravity of the criminal activity.
- Current Financial status of the defendant.
- The Offender’s future ability to pay the restitution fee.
- The actual amount that was stolen by the offender.
Where Are The Restitution Payments Sent?
The restitution payments are sent to the Country’s District Courts either through check or money orders. Individuals can also make payments directly to their Probation Office by paying in person instead of by mail.
Expenses Covered In Restitution Payment Plan
By now you must have understood what is restitution fee. Now, let us see which expenses are considered while calculating restitution amounts.
Mostly in homicide cases, funeral expenses are considered while calculating restitution amounts.
The victim can ask for restitution for their lost wages if they missed their work because of injuries from a criminal act.
Medical And Counselling Expenses
Most states allow restitution to cover medical expenses such as hospital costs, physical therapy, and rehabilitation care. Even counseling expenses for victims and their family members are included in restitution.
Damaged Or Stolen Property
Courts can order restitution for replacing or repairing any property damage that occurred because of the criminal act.
Restitution Fee Eligibility Criteria
Here, I have divided the eligibility criteria for restitution into four sections.
Generally, restitution fees are paid to those who are directly affected by the crime. These victims are considered as direct victims who can be an individual, partnerships, or corporations.
For example, consider a murder case of a family. All the surviving members of the family are considered indirect victims who can receive restitution.
Several culprits are found in third parties such as service agencies or government entities. In such cases, the court orders the defendant to pay restitution fees for damages from their criminal activity.
If there is no victim in the crime, then the crime is declared a victimless crime. This can happen in the case of drug offenses, prostitution, and welfare fraud. Here, the culprit is ordered to pay restitution to the government.
Consequences Of Not Paying Restitution Fees
Offenders who failed to pay their restitution fees can face some serious consequences. Below, I have listed down some possible consequences for not paying restitution fees on the scheduled time.
- The court can send you for detention at Shuman Center.
- The court can impose a judgment lien against your property. This means you can’t sell or transfer your property until the dues are paid.
- A civil suit can be filed against you by the victim for not paying the fees.
- Your probation supervision might get extended.
- You can be placed in weekend or residential programs.
- A wage attachment is added to your bank account where the money is directly deducted from your pay check.
How To Pay Restitution Fee If I Don’t Have A Job?
If you don’t have a job to pay the restitution fee, you can talk to your Probation Officer to assist you in finding a job. He might arrange some jobs in community service such as cutting grass, raking leaves, or shoveling snow. You can even participate in Stipened programs to earn money.
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Does Restitution Affect Your Credit?
If you have been making your payments regularly and on time, restitution and other court-ordered debt shouldn’t show up on your credit report. However, once you begin missing payments, the court can sell your debt to a collection agency that will likely report the debt to the credit bureau.
What Is The Point Of Restitution?
Restitution holds offenders partially or fully accountable for the financial losses suffered by the victims of their crimes. Restitution is typically ordered in both juvenile and criminal courts to compensate victims for out-of-pocket expenses that are the direct result of a crime.
What Are The Advantages Of Restitution?
Restitution can be vitally important to victims because they may lack the resources to make up for these losses on their own. In addition, collection of restitution can provide the victim with assurance that the person who committed the crime is being held accountable for his or her actions.
How Do You Handle Restitution?
How is restitution processed? Restitution payments received by the United States will be processed and disbursed to you (and any other restitution victims) by the Clerk of the applicable United States District Court. The Clerk’s Office disburses money to victims as it receives payments from the defendant.
How Does Restitution Work In South Carolina?
How is Restitution Paid? With respect to payment of restitution, the South Carolina code requires that the restitution order is to specify a monthly payment schedule that will result in full payment for both restitution and collection fees by the end of eighty percent of the offender’s supervision period.
What Is An Example Of Restitution?
Examples of restitution might include a shoplifter who is ordered to repay a store owner for the cost of a stolen item, or an assailant who must pay for their victim’s medical expenses after a violent assault. In homicide cases, restitution can even cover funeral costs.
In my above article, I have explained what is restitution fee in detail. A restitution fee is an amount paid by the individual to compensate the victim of their crime for their loss or injury. It is calculated by the court based on the loss suffered by the victim, the seriousness of the criminal activity, and more. This fee is charged for certain offenses such as crimes against elders, domestic violence, sexual assault, child abuse, drunk driving, and identity fraud. These payments are sent to the Country’s District Courts either through check or money orders. As a law student, that’s all you need to know about what is restitution fee.
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